A shaman is a person regarded as having access to and influence in the world of benevolent and malevolent spirits who typically enters into a trance state during a ritual and practices divination and healing. The thesis of the article is that the buddha was a shaman and that buddhism is therefore shamanic and the references include an article by an academic scholar who comes to the same conclusion based on a different argument replication hence your suggestion that the article is wildly out of sync with contemporary academic scholarship is . The term shaman is controversial and has no single agreed upon definition but many academics use it to refer to spiritual practitioners in a number of different cultures who enter a trance state to communicate with spirits or heal the ill buddhist monks meditate and perform buddhist rituals with the goal of becoming enlightened like the buddha they may perform healing or purifying rituals . For the same reason that the buddha did not put hinduism and shamanism im sure india at the time must have shamans into his teachings and say i see no reason why they all cant be practiced together
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