The fourteenth amendment amendment xiv to the united states constitution was adopted on july 9 1868 as one of the reconstruction amendmentsarguably one of the most consequential amendments to this day the amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the american civil war. The fourteenth amendment and the second freedmens bureau bill hr 613 continued to be debated in the senate and house respectively for several days on may 29 the house passed hr 613 by a vote of 96 to 32 with 55 abstaining the house immediately proceeded to consideration of the proposed constitutional amendment. Whereas incorporation applies the bill of rights to the states through the due process clause of the fourteenth amendment in reverse incorporation the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment has been held to apply to the federal government through the due process clause located in the fifth amendment for example in bolling v. Not only did the 14th amendment fail to extend the bill of rights to the states it also failed to protect the rights of black citizens one legacy of reconstruction was the determined struggle of black and white citizens to make the promise of the 14th amendment a reality. The citizenship clause of the fourteenth amendment says a naturalized person must have the same rights to become a citizen as someone born in the us the practice of selective incorporation means that the bill of rights will
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